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Shravanam - Nava vidha bhakti

March 24, 2019
SHRAVANAM

SHRAVANAM
(The story of King Parikshit in Srimad Bhagavatham is an example of a devotee who exemplified shravanam)
Listening to the divine miracles, glories of God and sacred texts. By cultivating the habit of listening to the glories of God, we subconsciously develop love, affection and reverence towards God.
We have to listen to Sruti, Smriti,Purana ,Shisthachara, Antaratma. to lead a dharmic life and ultimately reach the every soul goal "Moksha".
1.Sruti - Shruthi means what is heard. Srutis are considered as experiences (Anubhava)of rishis verbally passed on to generations. They are unlikely to change. They are unquestionably true. shruti are considered as apaourisha without an author.
The śruti literature include the four Vedas
Rigveda
Yajurveda
Samaveda
Atharvaveda

Each of these Vedas include the following texts
Samhitas
Brahmanas
Aranyakas
Upanishads

2. Smrithi- Smrithi means what is remembered. They are bound to change according to times.
It comprises Vedanga, Shad darsana, Puranas, Itihasa, Upveda, Tantras, Agamas, Upangs. There is another post Vedic class of Sanskrit literature called Epics viz Ramayana and Mahabharatha.

3. Purana- It is an Indian literature about Mythology, Legends and Traditional lore.
There are 18 puranas in total. Purana is just not history. Purana talks about a (Jeeva)soul journey in different births. It is not imaginary.

4. Shistachara- Shistachara is a code of behavior that illustrates the expectations for social behavior according to contemporary traditional norms within a society, social class, or group.

5. Antaratma- Everyone might have experienced the voice of antaratma esp., when we are about to do something wrong, a inner voice warns us.

Shravanam is not just listening to glorious and miracles of god.  We have to lead our life as Shruti, Smriti, Purana, Shisthachara and last but not least Antaratma says.
I would like to write few examples from our Puranas, to show what is listening.

Guru speaks very scarcely. But when Guru speaks it is for the good. We know very well in Ramayana there was a war between Sri Rama and Ravana. There was a stage when Sri Rama was completely tired and he was  clueless.  In the midst of the war Sage Agastya came to Shri Rama and told him to chant Aditya Hrudayam. Sri Rama did so and he demolished Ravana. Though Sri Rama was an unconquered king,  he gave respect to the words of Sage Agastya and he won.
So Sri Rama set an example for listening (Shravanam) even in the battle ground.

One more example from Ramayana only where in a man from hunter community by name Guha. Guha met Sri Rama, Sita devi and Lakshmana in the forest. Returning from forest he met king Bharata the brother of Shri Rama. Guha showered praises on Lakshmana with the whole heartedness in front of King Bharatha. Though king Bharata knows the Laxman's qualities of service, obedience, loyalty towards Brother Sri Rama, not even for a moment he interfered or disturbed Guha's flow of praise  towards Lakshmana.
Here king Bharata showed how to listen patiently and politely about the subject which he knew ahead of time.

The greatness of Sri Rama will make everyone to be humble with this example.
When Sita devi was abducted by Ravana, Sri Rama and Lakshmana were not present in hermitage. When Sri Rama and Lakshmana returned to hermitage Sri Rama got angry when he came to know that Sita devi was abducted. Sri Rama in a fit of rage wanted to stop the gamana or movement of the universe.   Immediately lakshmana fell at the feet of Shri Rama and prayed him by saying these words
" Oh my most revered brother calm down and listen to my humble request. Oh! brother your are a soft hearted person how come you became so stone hearted. One person abducted mata Sita and you are punishing the entire universe, do you think it is right?  The education what we got from our Gurus is to maintain peace and stability of mind at the time of impediment. We got the Dhanur vidya(Art of archery) from our guru for the upliftment of Dharma and down trodden. At present your enemy is not the abductor of mata Sita but your own anger and sorrow.  Let us search Mata Sita. I am sure we will find her at the earliest.
Here Sri Rama set an example for future generation to listen to the good words even from the younger person.


We have to cultivate shravanam by Satsanga, an yearning to listen, listening with total faith and putting into practice what has been listened to.  The act of listening itself becomes worship of the God and the process of shravanam becomes effective as a form of devotion, leading us to salvation.

Shravanam - Nava vidha bhakti Shravanam - Nava vidha bhakti Reviewed by Tejaraj K on March 24, 2019 Rating: 5

Bhakti

March 24, 2019
BHAKTI

        Bhakti means knowingly or unknowingly we have affection towards a idol, Guru, a symbol or a nature, Which in turn uplifts our life. Though physically we don't see God, we believe, we trust and we pray for him.
      By engaging our self in devotional practices, our heart melts and it flows in the direction of God. In simple way we always want to be near God, read about God, feel about God, think about God, that itself is Bhakti.
      There is a saying "PREM MAY PURNIMA NAHI".  bhakti will never have full moon, means it will never end with limited circle, it will grow grow grow grow grow as heart oozes with devotion to GURU OR GOD.

Ramana Maharishi, says bhakti is a "surrender to the divine with one's heart". It can be practiced in any one of the four ways

1.Atma Bhakti -Devotion to the one's atma (Supreme Self)
2.Ishvara Bhakti -Devotion to a formless being (God)
3.Ishta Devata Bhakti - Devotion to a personal god or goddess
4.Guru Bhakti - Devotion and surrenderness(Sharanagati) to Guru.

The two texts which highlights about bhakti are
1.Sandhilya Bhakti Sutra
2.Narada Bhakti Sutra

When God is understood and realized through the process of bhakti the person becomes realized and enters the state of self-realisation.


Sage Narada lucidly describes bhakti as:

“Sa tvasmin parampremarupa” –bhakti is of the nature of perfect love for the God devoid of any personal desires or external motives and conditions.

“Amrita swarupa cha” – Bhakti is like nectar, when one drinks, leads to the experience of ultimate bliss, which is not subject to change (Sat Chit Ananda).

“Yat praapta na kinchit vanchhati, na shochati na dveshti, narmate, notsahi bhavati”- Once bhakti is attained, one has no other desires in life as he is freed from the pairs of opposites like pleasure and pain, likes and dislikes, hence he craves for nothing else and has no other purpose to fulfil other than serving the God and His devotees.

According to Bhagavatha Purana, Bhakti is in nine forms.
Nine forms of devotion are:

1.Shravanam – Hearing the names and glories of the God and Guru

2.Keertanam – Chanting  God and Guru Grace

3.Smaranam – Remembering God and Guru

4.Paada sevanam – Serving the  God and Guru's feet

5.Archanam – Worshiping God and Guru

6.Vandanam – Offering obeisance unto the God and Guru

7.Daasyam – Serving the  God and Guru as His servant

8.Sakhyam – Developing friendship with God and Guru.

9.Aatma Nivedanam – Total surrender of oneself to the God and Guru.
{I have written both God and Guru because "Guru pratyaksha daivam". Guru can't be seen seperately from God.}

Bhakti Bhakti Reviewed by Tejaraj K on March 24, 2019 Rating: 5

Introduction of Avadhutha, Sadguru, paramahamsa

March 18, 2019

GURU


      Guru is one with Brahman he has realized the real purpose of life . The truest purpose of life is not only  to get married , produced children and acclaim and worldly goals .  we got human life to realize the self .

Guru always makes disciple to do what  he says  without giving the reason. Its duty of the disciple to follow with an utmost concentration. Guru is always an unerring in his wisdom. By listening to him and following him we save our self by many births

Guru is one who has realized the self( Brahman ). He knows the path to reach and realize self. He can guide his disciples to realize self without much rebirths,
He makes us to shred our small pleasure for attaining "ETERNAL BLISS".

SADHGURU


Sadhguru is a Sanskrit word. sadguru is an enlightened soul, whose only purpose is to guide and initiate his disciple to realize self.
Sadhguru is an enlightened soul who can induce bleachers blessfullness by his sight, touch or instruction.
As per one of the kabir's song.
He is the real Sadhu, who can reveal the form of the Formless to the vision of these eyes;
Who teaches the simple way of attaining Him, that is other than rites or ceremonies;
Who does not make you close the doors, and hold the breath, and renounce the world;
Who makes you perceive the Supreme Spirit wherever the mind attaches itself;
Who teaches you to be still in the midst of all your activities.
Ever immersed in bliss, having no fear in his mind, he keeps the spirit of union in the midst of all enjoyments.
The infinite dwelling of the Infinite Being is everywhere: in earth, water, sky, and air;
Firm as the thunderbolt, the seat of the seeker is established above the void.
He who is within is without: I see Him and none else.(translated by rabindranath tagore)

Sant Kabir
Sant Tukaram
Sadguru Sri Satupasi


PARAMAHAMSA


      Paramahamsa is a sanskrit word which literally means "Supreme Swan".
Param means 'Supreme', Hamsa means 'Swan'. Etymology says that 'aham' and 'sa' joined together to form hamsa. Aham is I and sa is HE that is 'I am HE'. I refers to living soul(Jeevatma) HE refers to supreme soul(Paramatma). Advaita philosophy advocates oneness of Jeevatma and Paramatma is realization of Brahman.
Aham means ahamkara or ego.
Hamsa or Swan is the only creature in the world which separates milk from water when mixed.
Paramahamsa is one who sees god in every creations . He is fully realized soul, he is completely liberated from all bond, he has no likes or dislikes. For paramahansa everything is God.
Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa
Paramahamsa Yogananda
Paramahamsa Sadguru Sri Satupasi

AVADHUTHA
     Avadhutha is a 'Jevanvmuktha'(liberated soul).He shows the path of MOKSHA. "avadhūta," came to be associated with the crazy modes of behaviour, some avadhuta's are the reversal of social norms, their behaviour is characterized by spontaneous lifestyle. They are non egoistic, never bother about social norms and social etiquette. They rarely mingle with society. Except for their Disciples they are not understood by general public. They allow only jignasu(curious to know about self or craving for moksha).
The different avadhutas are,
Bramhavadhūta ,Shaivavadhūta, Viravadhūta, Kulavadhūta.

AVADHUTA SRI GURU DEVA DATTA

AVADHUTA CHINTANA PARAMAHAMSA SADGURU SRI SATUPASI.

Introduction of Avadhutha, Sadguru, paramahamsa Introduction  of Avadhutha, Sadguru, paramahamsa Reviewed by Tejaraj K on March 18, 2019 Rating: 5

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